公牛,熊,&生猪市场术语

什么是牛市和熊市?

看涨和看跌:市场术语’s Finest?

当我第一次听到术语时‘bull’, ‘bullish’, ‘bull market’, ‘bear’, ‘bearish’, and ‘bear market’, I wasn’您必须确定这是在潘普洛纳,华尔街,肉类市场还是动物园里举行的文化庆典。为了使您更加困惑,您甚至可能听说过 吉姆·克莱默 用这个词,‘bulls make money, 熊s make money, hogs get slaughtered’(奇怪的是,Anthony Gallea写道 公牛赚钱,熊赚钱,猪被宰杀 在Cramer开始使用该短语之前的几年)。




人们已经提出了许多理论,但没有人完全确定多头和空头条款的起源。我最喜欢的解释是基于两种动物的战斗方法(斗牛在战斗中将牛角向上推,而熊将爪子向下滑动)。其他解释涉及休眠,毛皮交易和整体速度。与其整理神话,不如说’看看有什么不同的用途‘bear’ and ‘bull’ refer to in today’的投资条款(而我们’我会很好地投掷猪):

看涨(或看涨)定义:

相信的人’是购买或在购买某项投资时实际采取行动的好时机,因为他们认为这是增值所致。

看跌(或熊) 定义:

Just the opposite of 公牛ish; someone who believes that an investment should be sold because it is going to decrease in value.

牛市 定义:

也称为‘bull run’。指长期的主要趋势,即投资者乐观并有信心整个市场处于良好状态,并且投资将获得进一步收益。结果,市场在很长的一段时间内上升了20%或更多。

熊市 定义:

指长期的主要趋势,即投资者对市场状况感到悲观,许多人因预期会有进一步的损失而出售其投资。结果,市场在长时间内趋向于下降20%或更多。




牛市修正 定义:

市场下跌10-20%时的短期二级趋势’s value during an extended 公牛 market.

熊市集会 定义:

当市场增长10-20%时的短期二级趋势’s value during an extended 熊 market.

猪(猪) 定义:

得到的投资者‘fat with confidence’ and continues to buy stocks during a long 公牛 run thinking that nothing will go wrong and they will continue to make gains.

哪些因素决定牛市和熊市? 

A number of factors, both real and imagined, will lead to a 熊 or 公牛 market. Typically, either will start with a real change in economic activity. Some examples include a group of influential companies exceeding (or missing) expectations during earnings reports, a long-term increase (or decrease) in the value of currency, or a number of other combined micro or macroeconomic factors.

Usually, these real economic factors will result in a change in investor psychology regarding current and future market conditions. Investor sentiment then will lead into an upward or downward trend in demand and supply for market investments. Higher demand than supply over the long term can result in a 公牛 market, while higher supply than demand can result in a 熊 market.

在本周晚些时候的一篇文章中,我们将研究当前的市场状况,并弄清楚是否’re truly in a 熊 market or in a 公牛 market correction. Based on the definitions, what type of market do you think we’re in?

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